Dating scovill buttons deanne goodman dating in the dark
(source: The lettered eagle buttons in the US Army had their counterparts in the Confederate States Army, they simply had the letter (no eagle).The eagle appeared on many of the general staff buttons, but not on the Confederate general service nor the letter buttons.There were many different manufacturers, and different backmarks made by the same manufacturers due to different dies or special backmarks for a customer (with their name or company).Many were American manufacturers; there were also several British and a few French manufacturers as well.Note that it is very important in dating buttons to analyze the backmark.I listed some good reference books in the first post. There is a very rare version of the eagle and horizontal anchor, with the anchor pointing the opposite direction from those worn during the Civil War through to the present. According to Tice, “Less than ten specimens of this button made around 1835-1855 have been found by the author.”(sources: Earlier US Navy buttons worn prior to the Civil War, made from the 1830’s to the early 1850’s, were of a design with the familiar eagle and anchor as with later designs, but the anchor was upright.There were many different variations, including versions of the eagle facing right and others facing left.(source: Prior to the 1830’s, US Navy buttons were of a one-piece design, and were flat or slightly convex.
“The shift of the eagle's aspect to right-facing from left-facing is logical from the perspective of heraldic tradition, since the right side (dexter) is the honor side of the shield and the left side (sinester) indicates dishonor or illegitimacy.” (source: the buttons in the picture, those on the left are Civil War-era, those on the right are from a WWII US Navy uniform (my father-in-law’s).
Pictured below is the back of a button dug near Antietam, so badly corroded that the face of the button disintegrated when it was dug, exposing the inside of the back that was protected all those years.
It exposed a very rare “Goldsboro Rifles” backmark known to exist on a rare North Carolina button.
These types were used right up through WWII, although the NA112 type became much less common after the Civil War.(source: , by Alphaeus H.
Albert)Although both of the buttons pictured below were made by the same manufacturer, D.
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