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Injunctions may be made under Housing Act or Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 2003 provisions, where the harassment or intimidation is housing-related, or under section 222 Local Government Act 1972 or Article 116 of the Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972, which enables local authorities to take court action to promote or protect the interests of the inhabitants of their area.
Eviction of the perpetrator is another option, moving the individual away from those whom they are intimidating or harassing.
It is not necessary to prove that the behavior was so violent as to cause mean terror or that the victim was actually frightened.
Threat, criminal threatening (or threatening behavior) is the crime of intentionally or knowingly putting another person in fear of bodily injury.
Where action is taken in a county court in Scotland and Northern Ireland, an ASBO can be made against a party to the main proceedings or another adult whose conduct is material to the proceedings.
In England and Wales a Criminal Behaviour Order may be obtained where an offender has been convicted of an offence and has engaged, or is likely to engage, in conduct likely to cause harassment, distress or alarm to others and the order is likely to prevent this in the future.
An order on conviction may be appropriate where someone has been convicted in court for an offence related to their intimidation or harassment of another person.
Conditions of the orders may include a ban from the area where the victims live or a specific ban on approaching or communicating with the victims.
Because these court orders are made in civil proceedings, hearsay evidence can be used to protect victims who are too scared to come to court.
A person who makes indecent, grossly offensive, obscene or threatening calls to another, via the telephone system network, is guilty of an offence under section 127 of the Communications Act 2003.
It is also an offence under that section to persistently use a telephone network for the purpose of causing annoyance, inconvenience or needless anxiety, or to use it to send false messages for that purpose.Local authorities have a responsibility to take immediate enforcement action to protect those who are being harassed or intimidated.